Answers to Manufacturing Questions: Revision 

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Note answers are a guide only & there may be other answers. Answers are also given in note form and a more detailed answer will be needed in most cases for full marks

Bronze - a basic level question 

Silver - challenging question aimed at medium/ higher GCSE level

Gold - very challenging question aimed at higher GCSE / A level

Find out about key knowledge needed to help you answer these questions

AQuestion 1 (3 marks)                                 Click here to see the question

Wedding dress for a celebrity - one off production

Supermarket school uniform - mass production

Fashion t.shirts for the current season - batch production

I mark per answer

AQuestion 2 (2 marks)                                 Click here to see the question

  • Definition of JIT e.g. products produced just before they are needed to go on sale (1 mark)
  • More detail e.g. reduces storage costs for materials and products as compared to a traditional stockroom, easier to meet market demand and make changes, less left over stock at the end of the season (1 of these points - 1 mark)

AQuestion 3 (7 marks)                                 Click here to see the question

Below is some of the key knowledge required to answer the question. Note that just listing the knowledge will not get you maximum marks. You will need to apply the knowledge in the context of the question. 

  • Description of a manufacturing system suited to large production runs - mass or batch production
  • Description of how mass or batch production systems work (note explanations of both are not required)
  • E.g. mass production (synchronised or progressive bundle) - very large quantities made continuously. Skilled operators work on a specific area of the product passing product onto next person. Use of automated machinery for some areas. 
  • E.g. batch production - teams of workers make specified number of products either as one production run or in batches. Workers can be skilled in one area similar to mass production but often skilled in more than one area and do different tasks depending on needs of team. Use of computer controlled machines that enable quick response to changes in the market. 
  • The demand for different colours would be met by using just in time production systems based on feedback from EPOS systems in the retail outlets. This enables market demand to be predicted accurately. 
  • The t.shirts would be made from white fabric then garment dyed according to demand. This allows t.shirts to dyed in batches according to demand and reduces waste if some colours and sizes are less popular.

Note: This question is challenging as you will need to make a lot of points because of the number of marks and you will have to apply your knowledge to a product. Treat this question as a mini essay and do an essay plan before you start to help you organise your thoughts. Use the keywords to help you structure your question so you answer all of the points. 

Don’t forget the question must be answered in the context of the t.shirt mentioned in the question. You must also not lose sight of the fact it is about manufacturing.

Read the question carefully. The term ‘market demand’ in this context is referring to the numbers of the t.shirt that are manufactured due to the numbers being sold. In this question it does not refer what the customer likes in a t.shirt. You should therefore not talk about which colours are the most popular or about how people want a range of colour options. 

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